The House of the Dam Master...

In fact, the lands of the Marais, and thus their exploitation, were gained from the sea thanks to the intelligence of man, who, through observation and courage, found out how to go about it. Hence the dikes! Hence the House of the Master of the Dikes!

 

The dikes...

In the seventeenth century, water management began to be organised, and so dikes and passages were established to regulate the height of liquid elements from one place to another.
Very important these dikes!
The proof is a case that made a lot of noise in 1912...

At the time, there was a strong antagonism between the dry marshland, protected by dikes, and the wet marshland dotted with "clods", as the gardens and orchards surrounded by water were called.
And the floods were, that year, particularly strong to the point that, with the spirits getting a little hot, a main dyke was cut off.
In the end, more than 40 people were arrested and tried, and it ended with a general dismissal, hence the song :
"Gentlemen trustees, who put the pot-au-feu
have mercy on these unfortunates
who with their arms make you live.
It's a good thing we found some good living,
that prevented us from being sentenced to hard labour."

Those who had breached the main dyke by 30 metres were those who, a few days before and then a little later, had been working incessantly in the water and mud to create ditches, the "recalous".

 

An Ecomuseum: The House of the Dam Master

The Poitevin marshland is not there by chance, the random result of natural evolution... not at all! It is rather the result of the intelligent organisation of the dikes, and this is what the visitor will discover in this famous house of the Master of the Dikes.
It is, in fact, an ecomuseum, in which we will start by answering the question of how to perfectly differentiate between wet and dry marshes.
And then we will also discover what a dyke is, how it is built, who and when it is built and what it is used for.
To do this, we will use a variety of media: videos, audios, texts, photos, old objects, interactive modules, before going to visit the habitat, the job and the daily life of the Master of Dikes, a character who is indispensable for water management and the maintenance of the marsh.

 

House of the Dam Master
7, Rue de la Coupe du Rocher
85450 Chaillé- les-Marais
Tel : 02 51 56 77 30


https://www.maisondumaitrededigues.fr/

 

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator

(free version)

 

 


To go further....

Marais poitevin, d'hier à aujourd'hui

Click on the image

Ce livre vous propose de remonter le temps et de parcourir la région d'hier à aujourd'hui, à partir d'une judicieuse mise en parallèle de clichés anciens et actuels. La balade commence dans le « Marais mouillé », ou « Venise verte », traverse le « Marais desséché » avant de se terminer autour de la baie de l'Aiguillon. Vous découvrez les endroits les plus emblématiques sur les traces du passé et la vie d'aujourd'hui. A chaque page, une photographie ancienne est un prétexte pour raconter l'histoire, la vie autrefois. Des anecdotes et des témoignages viennent compléter ces informations.
Contes du Marais Poitevin

Click on the image

À travers les conches, les lisières et les forêts de frênes, beaucoup de mystères, de légendes et de vieilles histoires racontent le Marais poitevin d’antan. À travers vingt-cinq textes vous découvrirez tous les mystères de cette région comme les histoires de garous, la dormeuse ou encore celle de la bande des sorciers. Des récits plus ou moins longs, des contes, des légendes que vous pourrez raconter en famille pour en savoir plus sur les mystères du Marais poitevin.
Balades nature dans le Parc naturel régional du Marais poitevin

Click on the image

20 balades à la découverte du Marais poitevin sous tous ses aspects : marais desséché, marais mouillé, Venise verte, réserves naturelles...

Also to be seen in the department

A toute vapeur !

placeGare de Mortagne sur Sèvre - Vendée  
label Station, train, boat, plane...  

La fontaine de Charzais

placeFontenay-le-Comte - Vendée 
label Remarkable buildings  

Montez au ciel… à l’Eglise Saint Martin de Vertou

placeIle d’Olonne - Vendée 
label Remarkable buildings Amazing... isn't it?  

Le Vélorail

placeCommequiers - Pays de St Gilles Croix de Vie - Vendée 
label Tourism, sports and cultural activities Roads & paths  

Discover the regions of the Great West